All planets turn, rotate not the moon. We never c the other side. In its orbit, if there is one, the distance is always the same, meaning,?, its orbit is perfectly circular to ours, which is highly impossibe in a mass that large.
The dark side of the moon does not get enough light for us to see it! The source of light is the sun and as the moon comes up, when we experience night, the sun is on the other side of the earth from us. Always remember... Silence is golden, but duct tape is silver!
The moon is not in a circular orbit around the earth. The earth/moon distance varies from about 364,000 kilometers at nearest approach to 406,000 kilometers at apogee. It is in an elliptical orbit around the earth with an eccentricity of about .05.
The moon does rotate on its axis. It is in near synchronous rotation with its revolution around the earth. Basically, this means we always see the same "face" of the moon. Since the moon is in an elliptical orbit this is not exactly true. At perigee, we see a little more on the eastern (right) side of the moon and part of the west side is not visible and at apogee we see more of the western side of the moon. So we actually see a bit more than one side of the moon if we observe over multiple orbits. I think this is about 5 degrees of longitude on each side of the orbit.
Since the moon's orbit is tilted to the ecliptic plane we also see additional degrees of latitude depending on your location and viewing times.
At some point the moon will have moved far enough away that it will slow down its earth orbit. The earth will then start to pull it closer. As it gets pulled closer, it will speed up. This will overcome the gravity of the earth, and it will travel outward again.
As long as this process remains steady, there will be no problem. But if the cycle winds up slowly increasing the maximum and minimum distance from the earth, there may come a point when the moon will travel too close to the earth. If this happens, the moon may be shattered by the earth's gravity, giving us rings similar to Saturn.
I Apollo-gize for my lack of knowledge of the subject, but it doesn't take a rocket scientist to figure out that the moon shines at night when we need the light, as opposed to the day when we don't need it.