The Following Recommendations on Storage and Handling of Sporting Ammunition Primers are Issued by the National Fire Protection Association Battery March Park, Quincy, MA 02269 and reprinted with their permission:
Explosive Materials Code
This edition of NFPA 495, Explosive Materials Code, was prepared by the Technical Committee on Explosives and acted on by the National Fire Protection Association, Inc. at its Annual Meeting held May 20-23, 1996, in Boston , MA . It was issued by the Standards Council on July 18, 1996, with an effective date of August 9, 1996, and supersedes all previous editions.
The 1996 edition of this document has been approved by the American National Standards Institute.
Origin and Development of NFPA 495
This code was originally issued in 1912 as the Suggested State Law to Regulate the Manufacture, Storage, Sale and Use of Explosives. The second edition was issued in 1941 by the Committee on laws and Ordinance and retitled Suggested Explosives Ordinance for Cities. Later, the document number NFPA 495L was designated.
After being assigned to the Committee on Chemicals and Explosives, a new edition was issued in 1959. This was retitled as the Code for the Manufacture, Transportation, Storage, and Use of Explosives and Blasting Agents and redesigned as NFPA 495.
Following reorganization of the committee in 1960, the responsibility for amendments to NFPA 495 was assigned to the Sectional Committee on Explosives. This committee reported to the Correlating Committee on Chemicals and Explosives. Revised editions were issued in 1962, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1969 and 1970. A new edition was issued in 1972 with the document title revised to code for the Manufacture, Transportation, Storage, and Use of Explosive Materials. A subsequent edition followed in 1973.
Following the issuance of the 1973 edition, the Sectional Committee on Explosives was redesignated as a Technical Committee. In 1976, the committee began a detailed review intended to amend requirements so that there were no conflicts with the regulations promulgated by the various federal agencies concerned with explosive materials (Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, US Mine Safety and Health Administration, US Department of Transportation, etc.) This effort resulted in the 1982 edition, which was subsequently followed by a new edition in 1985. In 1990, the document was again revised and included the title being changed to the Explosive Materials Code. The latest edition, issued in 1996, incorporates change in the classification of explosives to conform with recent U.S. Department of Transportation ÒHazardous Materials RegulationsÓ which in turn are based on United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods. The 1996 edition also includes technical and editorial amendments.
Small Arms Ammunition and Primers, Smokeless Propellants, and Black Powder Propellants
11-1 Ba sic Requirements.
11-1.1 In addition to all other applicable requirements of this code, intrastate transportation of small arms ammunition, small arms primers, smokeless propellants, and black powder shall comply with US Department of Transportation Hazardous Materials Regulations, 49 CFR, Parts 100-199.
11-1.2 This chapter applies to the channels of distribution of and to the users of small arms ammunition, small arms primers, smokeless propellants, and black powder.
11-1.3 This chapter does not apply to in-process storage and intra-plant transportation during manufacture.
11-1.4 This chapter applies to the transportation and storage of small arms ammunition and components.
11-1.5 This chapter does not apply to safety procedures in the use of small arms ammunition and components.
11-5 Sm all Arms Primers
11-5.1 Small arms primers shall be transported or stored in containers approved by the US Department of Transportation.
11-5.2 Transportation of small arms primers shall comply with US Department of Transportation Regulations.
11-5.3 No more than 25,000 small arms primers may be transported in a private vehicle.
11-5.4 No more than 10,000 small arms primers may be stored in residences.
11-5.5 No more than 10,000 small arms primers may be displayed in commercial establishments.
11-5.6 Commercial stocks of small arms primers shall be stored as follows:
(a) &nb sp; Quantities not exceeding 750,000 may be stored in a building if not more than 100,000 are stored in any one pile and piles are at least 15 ft (4.6 m) apart.
(b) &nb sp; Quantities exceeding 750,000 may be stored in a building if the following conditions are met:
1. &nbs p; The warehouse or storage room shall not be accessible to unauthorized personnel.
2. &nbs p; Primers shall be stored in cabinets. No more than 200,000 primers shall be stored in any one cabinet.
3. &nbs p; Shelves in cabinets shall have vertical separation of at least 2 ft (0.6 m).
4. &nbs p; Cabinets shall be located against walls of the warehouse or storage room with at least 40 ft (12.2 m) between cabinets.
5. &nbs p; Separation between cabinets may be reduced to 20 ft (6.1 m) if barricades twice the height of the cabinets are attached to the wall, midway between each cabinet. The barricades shall extend at least 10 ft (3 m) outward, shall be firmly attached to the wall, and shall be constructed of 1/4 in. (6.4 mm) boiler plate, 2 in. (51 mm) thick wood, brick or concrete block.
6. &nbs p; Primers shall be separated from materials classified by the US Department of Transportation as flammable liquids, flammable solids, and oxidizing materials by a distance of 25 ft (7.63 m) or by a fire partition having a fire resistance of at least 1 hour.
Reprinted with permission from NFPA 495: Explosive Material Code, Copyright ©1992, National Fire Protection Association, Quincy , MA 02269 . This reprinted material is not the complete and official position of the National Fire Protection Association on the referenced subject which is represented only by the standard in its entirety