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CIA- Operation AJAX -Interesting!

Discussion in 'Politics, Elections & Legislation' started by TinMan88, Jan 26, 2012.

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  1. TinMan88

    TinMan88 TS Member

    Mar 5, 2007
    In light of current events, its interesting and informative to take a stroll down memory lane...



    http://www.fff.org/comment/com0501i.aspNot surprisingly, Albright’s “apology” fell on many deaf ears in Iran. While Iranians certainly have not forgotten the U.S. government’s support of Saddam Hussein and Iraq during the Iran-Iraq War during the 1980s, including its furnishing Saddam with weapons of mass destruction to use against the Iranian people, the root of Iranian anger lies with the anti-democracy foreign policy of the U.S. government, by which U.S. officials ousted the Iranian people’s democratically elected prime minister, Mohammed Mossadegh, from office in 1953.
  2. TinMan88

    TinMan88 TS Member

    Mar 5, 2007
    The spectre of Operation AjaxBritain and the US crushed Iran's first democratic government. They didn't learn from that mistake

    reddit this Dan De Luce, Tehran
    The Guardian, Wednesday 20 August 2003 07.29 EDT Article history Ignoring international law, Britain and the US opted for the high-risk strategy of regime change in order to pre-empt a volatile enemy in the Middle East. It was not Iraq, however, that was in the firing line but Iran, and the aftershocks are still being felt.

    Fifty years ago this week, the CIA and the British SIS orchestrated a coup d'etat that toppled the democratically elected government of Mohammad Mossadegh. The prime minister and his nationalist supporters in parliament roused Britain's ire when they nationalised the oil industry in 1951, which had previously been exclusively controlled by the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company. Mossadegh argued that Iran should begin profiting from its vast oil reserves.

    Britain accused him of violating the company's legal rights and orchestrated a worldwide boycott of Iran's oil that plunged the country into financial crisis. The British government tried to enlist the Americans in planning a coup, an idea originally rebuffed by President Truman. But when Dwight Eisenhower took over the White House, cold war ideologues - determined to prevent the possibility of a Soviet takeover - ordered the CIA to embark on its first covert operation against a foreign government.

    A new book about the coup, All the Shah's Men, which is based on recently released CIA documents, describes how the CIA - with British assistance - undermined Mossadegh's government by bribing influential figures, planting false reports in newspapers and provoking street violence. Led by an agent named Kermit Roosevelt, the grandson of President Theodore Roosevelt, the CIA leaned on a young, insecure Shah to issue a decree dismissing Mossadegh as prime minister. By the end of Operation Ajax, some 300 people had died in firefights in the streets of Tehran.

    The crushing of Iran's first democratic government ushered in more than two decades of dictatorship under the Shah, who relied heavily on US aid and arms. The anti-American backlash that toppled the Shah in 1979 shook the whole region and helped spread Islamic militancy, with Iran's new hardline theocracy declaring undying hostility to the US.

    The author of All the Shah's Men, New York Times reporter Stephen Kinzer, argues that the coup planted the seeds of resentment against the US in the Middle East, ultimately leading to the events of September 11.

    While it may be reaching too far to link Mossadegh's overthrow with al-Qaida's terrorism, it certainly helped unleash a wave of Islamic extremism and assisted to power the anti-American clerical leadership that still rules Iran. It is difficult to imagine a worse outcome to an expedient action.

    The coup and the culture of covert interference it created forever changed how the world viewed the US, especially in poor, oppressive countries. For many Iranians, the coup was a tragedy from which their country has never recovered. Perhaps because Mossadegh represents a future denied, his memory has approached myth.

    On yesterday's anniversary, there was no official government ceremony honouring Mossadegh's legacy. Deemed too secular for the Islamic Republic, the conservative clergy never mention him. But at a time when the Bush administration expresses impatience with diplomacy and promotes "regime change" as a means of reshaping the Middle East, the anniversary recalls some unwelcome parallels.

    The mindset that produced the coup is not so different from the premises that underpin the current doctrine of "pre-emption" or the belief that the war on terror can justify ignoring the Geneva convention, diplomacy and the sentiments of a country's population.

    Veterans of the cold war in President Bush's administration are cultivating relations with Iranian monarchists in exile while Congressmen are calling for a campaign to undermine Iran's clerical leadership. Washington's tough rhetoric and flirtation with the Shah's son are a kind of nightmarish deja vu for the embattled reformists and students struggling to push for democratic change in Iran.

    "Now it seems that the Americans are pushing towards the same direction again," says Ibrahim Yazdi, who served briefly as foreign minister after the Shah fell. "That shows they have not learned anything from history."

    The reformists allied with President Khatami believe their country now faces another choice between despotism and democracy, and they worry that the combination of outside interference and internal squabbling within their own ranks could once again defer their dream. The more neo-conservatives attempt to pile pressure on Iran, the more ammunition they provide for the most hardline elements of the regime.

    Beyond Iran, America remains deeply resented for siding with authoritarian rule in the region. It would be comforting to think "reshaping the Middle East" means promoting democratic rule. But if it merely allows for the ends to justify the means, then the spectre of Operation Ajax will continue to haunt the region.

    · Dan De Luce is the Guardian's correspondent in Tehran

    · dandeluce@yahoo.com
  3. WS-1

    WS-1 Banned User Banned

    Oct 28, 2009
    And your point is....?????
  4. halfmile

    halfmile Well-Known Member

    Jan 29, 1998
    Green Bay Wisconsin
    Document the WMD statement, please.

  5. TinMan88

    TinMan88 TS Member

    Mar 5, 2007
    Sorry WS-1, You missed it?

    Halfmile, and the question is?Arming Iraq: A Chronology of U.S. Involvement
    By: John King, March 2003

    What follows is an accurate chronology of United States involvement in the arming of Iraq during the Iraq-Iran war 1980-88. It is a powerful indictment of the president Bush administration attempt to sell war as a component of his war on terrorism. It reveals US ambitions in Iraq to be just another chapter in the attempt to regain a foothold in the Mideast following the fall of the Shah of Iran.
    Arming Iraq and the Path to War
    A crisis always has a history, and the current crisis with Iraq is no exception. Below are some relevant dates.

    September, 1980. Iraq invades Iran. The beginning of the Iraq-Iran war. [8]

    February, 1982. Despite objections from congress, President Reagan removes Iraq from its list of known terrorist countries. [1]

    December, 1982. Hughes Aircraft ships 60 Defender helicopters to Iraq. [9]

    1982-1988. Defense Intelligence Agency provides detailed information for Iraq on Iranian deployments, tactical planning for battles, plans for air strikes and bomb damage assessments. [4]

    November, 1983. A National Security Directive states that the U.S would do "whatever was necessary and legal" to prevent Iraq from losing its war with Iran. [1] & [15]

    Donald Rumsfeld -Reagan's Envoy- provided Iraq with
    chemical & biological weapons
    November, 1983. Banca Nazionale del Lavoro of Italy and its Branch in Atlanta begin to funnel $5 billion in unreported loans to Iraq. Iraq, with the blessing and official approval of the US government, purchased computer controlled machine tools, computers, scientific instruments, special alloy steel and aluminum, chemicals, and other industrial goods for Iraq's missile, chemical, biological and nuclear weapons programs. [14]

    October, 1983. The Reagan Administration begins secretly allowing Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Egypt to transfer United States weapons, including Howitzers, Huey helicopters, and bombs to Iraq. These shipments violated the Arms Export Control Act. [16]

    November 1983. George Schultz, the Secretary of State, is given intelligence reports showing that Iraqi troops are daily using chemical weapons against the Iranians. [1]

    December 20, 1983. Donald Rumsfeld , then a civilian and now Defense Secretary, meets with Saddam Hussein to assure him of US friendship and materials support. [1] & [15]

    July, 1984. CIA begins giving Iraq intelligence necessary to calibrate its mustard gas attacks on Iranian troops. [19]

    January 14, 1984. State Department memo acknowledges United States shipment of "dual-use" export hardware and technology. Dual use items are civilian items such as heavy trucks, armored ambulances and communications gear as well as industrial technology that can have a military application. [2]

    March, 1986. The United States with Great Britain block all Security Council resolutions condemning Iraq's use of chemical weapons, and on March 21 the US becomes the only country refusing to sign a Security Council statement condemning Iraq's use of these weapons. [10]

    May, 1986. The US Department of Commerce licenses 70 biological exports to Iraq between May of 1985 and 1989, including at least 21 batches of lethal strains of anthrax. [3]

    May, 1986. US Department of Commerce approves shipment of weapons grade botulin poison to Iraq. [7]

    March, 1987. President Reagan bows to the findings of the Tower Commission admitting the sale of arms to Iran in exchange for hostages. Oliver North uses the profits from the sale to fund an illegal war in Nicaragua. [17]

    Late 1987. The Iraqi Air Force begins using chemical agents against Kurdish resistance forces in northern Iraq. [1]

    February, 1988. Saddam Hussein begins the "Anfal" campaign against the Kurds of northern Iraq. The Iraq regime used chemical weapons against the Kurds killing over 100,000 civilians and destroying over 1,200 Kurdish villages. [8]

    April, 1988. US Department of Commerce approves shipment of chemicals used in manufacture of mustard gas. [7]

    August, 1988. Four major battles were fought from April to August 1988, in which the Iraqis massively and effectively used chemical weapons to defeat the Iranians. Nerve gas and blister agents such as mustard gas are used. By this time the US Defense Intelligence Agency is heavily involved with Saddam Hussein in battle plan assistance, intelligence gathering and post battle debriefing. In the last major battle with of the war, 65,000 Iranians are killed, many with poison gas. Use of chemical weapons in war is in violation of the Geneva accords of 1925. [6] & [13]

    August, 1988. Iraq and Iran declare a cease fire. [8]

    August, 1988. Five days after the cease fire Saddam Hussein sends his planes and helicopters to northern Iraq to begin massive chemical attacks against the Kurds. [8]

    September, 1988. US Department of Commerce approves shipment of weapons grade anthrax and botulinum to Iraq. [7]

    September, 1988. Richard Murphy, Assistant Secretary of State: "The US-Iraqi relationship is... important to our long-term political and economic objectives." [15]

    December, 1988. Dow chemical sells $1.5 million in pesticides to Iraq despite knowledge that these would be used in chemical weapons. [1]

    July 25, 1990. US Ambassador to Baghdad meets with Hussein to assure him that President Bush "wanted better and deeper relations". Many believe this visit was a trap set for Hussein. A month later Hussein invaded Kuwait thinking the US would not respond. [12]

    August, 1990 Iraq invades Kuwait. The precursor to the Gulf War. [8]

    July, 1991 The Financial Times of London reveals that a Florida chemical company had produced and shipped cyanide to Iraq during the 80's using a special CIA courier. Cyanide was used extensively against the Iranians. [11]

    August, 1991. Christopher Droguol of Atlanta's branch of Banca Nazionale del Lavoro is arrested for his role in supplying loans to Iraq for the purchase of military supplies. He is charged with 347 counts of felony. Droguol is found guilty, but US officials plead innocent of any knowledge of his crime. [14]

    June, 1992. Ted Kopple of ABC Nightline reports: "It is becoming increasingly clear that George Bush Sr., operating largely behind the scenes throughout the 1980's, initiated and supported much of the financing, intelligence, and military help that built Saddam's Iraq into [an aggressive power]." [5]

    July, 1992. "The Bush administration deliberately, not inadvertently, helped to arm Iraq by allowing U.S. technology to be shipped to Iraqi military and to Iraqi defense factories... Throughout the course of the Bush administration, U.S. and foreign firms were granted export licenses to ship U.S. technology directly to Iraqi weapons facilities despite ample evidence showing that these factories were producing weapons." Representative Henry Gonzalez, Texas, testimony before the House. [18]

    February, 1994. Senator Riegle from Michigan, chairman of the Senate Banking Committee, testifies before the senate revealing large US shipments of dual-use biological and chemical agents to Iraq that may have been used against US troops in the Gulf War and probably was the cause of the illness known as Gulf War Syndrome. [7]

    August, 2002. "The use of gas [during the Iran-Iraq war] on the battle field by the Iraqis was not a matter of deep strategic concern... We were desperate to make sure that Iraq did not lose". Colonel Walter Lang, former senior US Defense Intelligence officer tells the New York Times. [4]

    This chronology of the United States' sordid involvement in the arming of Iraq can be summarized in this way: The United States used methods both legal and illegal to help build Saddam's army into the most powerful army in the Mideast outside of Israel. The US supplied chemical and biological agents and technology to Iraq when it knew Iraq was using chemical weapons against the Iranians. The US supplied the materials and technology for these weapons of mass destruction to Iraq at a time when it was know that Saddam was using this technology to kill his Kurdish citizens. The United States supplied intelligence and battle planning information to Iraq when those battle plans included the use of cyanide, mustard gas and nerve agents. The United States blocked UN censure of Iraq's use of chemical weapons. The United States did not act alone in this effort. The Soviet Union was the largest weapons supplier, but England, France and Germany were also involved in the shipment of arms and technology.

    Washingtonpost.com. December 30, 2002
    Jonathan Broder. Nuclear times, Winter 1990-91
    Kurt Nimno. AlterNet. September 23, 2002
    Newyorktimes.com. August 29, 2002
    ABC Nightline. June9, 1992
    Counter Punch, October 10, 2002
    Riegle Report: Dual Use Exports. Senate Committee on Banking. May 25, 1994
    Timeline: A walk Through Iraq's History. U.S. Department of State
    Doing Business: The Arming of Iraq. Daniel Robichear
    Glen Rangwala. Labor Left Briefing, 16 September, 2002
    Financial Times of London. July 3, 1991
    Elson E. Boles. Counter Punch. October 10, 2002
    Iran-Iraq War, 1980-1988. Iranchamber.com
    Columbia Journalism Review. March/April 1993. Iraqgate
    Times Online. December 31, 2002. How U.S. Helped Iraq Build Deadly Arsenal
    Bush's Secret Mission. The New Yorker Magazine. November 2, 1992
    Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia: Iran-Contra Affair
    Congressional Record. July 27, 1992. Representative Henry B. Gonzalez
    Bob Woodward. CIA Aiding Iraq in Persian Gulf War. Washington Post. 15 December, 1986
    Case Study: The Anfal Campaign. www.gendercide.com


    Donald Rumsfeld -Reagan's Envoy- provided Iraq with
    chemical & biological weapons
  6. R.Kipling

    R.Kipling Well-Known Member

    Jul 29, 2007
    Good God, Man! Your article was cut & paste directly from an Iranian propaganda site.

    One of my most cherished business partners was the Chief Pilot for the Bell Helicopter Company in Iran for nearly 15 years. We talked extensively about Iran, it's culture and most importantly it's leaders, both democratic and Islamic. His feelings on the subject was that you couldn't trust any of them to tell you the truth, even when faced with death.

    I have no doubt that some of the things stated occurred, every good lie is rooted in a bit of fact. But WMD & Biological agents - no way! Talk about poorly referenced claims - or should I say intentional misdirection? There is very little that can be done about 'dual-use' chemicals, when the intent is to subvert them. Remember, it is our liberal elite intelligentsia that exploits the high paying revenue stream of Middle-Eastern students to our universities. Even beans can be converted into Sarin gas.

    Excerpt from the actual, downstream reference of [7] - "The following section, describing the types, dissemination, and defensive measures against biological agents, is quoted verbatim from a United States Marine Corps Institute document, Nuclear and Chemical Operations, MCI 7711B, used in the Command and Staff College's nonresident program." This is just an advisory article on bio-protection, not an expose' on sending bio-weapons to Iraq. Look it up, it's available.

    Please, look this up. http://www.inquiryintoislam.com/2010/06/what-is-taqiyya.html There are several video presentations that are very helpful in explaining the cultural divide. Taqiyya = sanctioned lying and intentionally misleading to further Islam.

    No matter what your personal leanings are, you/we are not dealing with a culture that is within our normal references. The site I've listed has a wealth of good, solid information.

    Yours in Peace,
  7. TinMan88

    TinMan88 TS Member

    Mar 5, 2007
    R.Kipling, Thanks for the well spoken rebuttal. The material I put up was from a collection of sources NOT printed or obtained from Iran. It also does not reflect the dominant ideology here in the U.S. Never the less it gives an account which I believe sheds light on the subject in a historical context.

    Iran has a population of about 78 million people. Will history show that we were without blame if we enter into another war in the middle east?
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